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Zoorkhaneh04
Zoorkhaneh04
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Amir Mahmoodi




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Indian Coal 11
Indian Coal 11

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Indian Coal 11
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Keywords:  
Date: 10.04.2012 14:15
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File size: 285.8 KB
Added by: Erik Messori

IPTC Info
Object name: Real cost of the Indian Coal
Category: INS
Keywords: Carbon Monoxide, Coal, Coal Mine, Coal Mines, Dhanbad, Erik Messori, Health Problems, Illigal Miners, India, Indian coal, Jharkhand, Miners, Mines, Pollution, Tuberculosis
Special instructions: 00039312
Date created: 28.12.2010
Byline: ERIK MESSORI
Byline title: Photojournalist
City: DHANBAD
State: JHARKHAND
Country: INDIA
Original transmission reference: info@erikmessori.com
Credit: Erik Messori
Copyright Notice: ERIK MESSORI
Caption: A miner with serious respiratory problems is treated with oxygen

Jharkhand: a mining state of Eastern India – it is the mined coal from here that has made this Indian state world-known for being the second largest coal producer. Second only to China, India extracts from it’s soil a quantity of coal overly sufficient for its energy and transport needs; the remainder is exported worldwide. 90% of the mines, which work continuously, are open-air and most of these work upon auto-combustion which releases an incalculable amount of carbon monoxide – the cause of global warming. Whole forests have been destroyed to make way for this brutal extraction and to satisfy the country’s ever-growing development. The concessions for coal mining are granted by the central government and managed by both state and private owned enterprises, thus creating a social and economic imbalance in the area. Everything rotates around the mining industry which was once an agricultural area and is now fully converted to coal mining. Many people are jobless and can not cultivate their fields because groundwater aquifers are polluted by agents deriving from coal combustion. These thousands of people, without economic opportunities, are forced to work illegally, in nonexistent safety conditions and with state police always on their backs. The dramatic increase of pollution due to this brutal coal extraction is causing the population to suffer from the most serious respiratory diseases, from lung cancer to silicosis, from many typologies of tuberculosis to obstruction of the respiratory system. Related, as well, are severe blood diseases caused by carbon monoxide inhalation, cardiac disfunction and a short-life expectancy (which does not exceed the 50 year mark). These diseases are destroying the future of this Indian state in the name of progress. Throughout the area, new villages are up-starting close to the open-air coal mines, with devastating consequences for the population, who live with
Caption writer: Erik Messori is an indipendent p

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